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10 Plagues of Exodus

And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall tell Pharaoh to let the people of Israel go out of his land.

But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,  Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and bring my hosts, my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great acts of judgment.  The Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring out the people of Israel from among them.”


(Exodus 7:1-5, ESV)
Every plague pronounced by Moses is YHWH exalting Himself above the Egyptian gods.

Plague 1: Nile River is turned into blood.  Apis & Isis are the Nile gods while Khnum is guardian of the Nile.

Plague 2: Plague of Frogs.  Heket is the frog-headed Egyptian goddess.

Plague 3: Plague of Gnats.  Moses strikes desert dust that transforms into gnats.  Seth is the Egyptian god of chaos and the desert.

Plague 4: Plague of Flies.  Re and Uatchit are depicted as flies in Egyptian artwork.

Plague 5: Death of Livestock.  Hathor and Apis are Egyptian guardians of cattle.

Plague 6: Plague of Boils.  Sekhmet, Sunu, and Isis are the gods of health.

Plague 7: Plague of Hailstorm.  The Egyptian sky goddess is Nut.

Plague 8: Plague of Locusts.  Osiris is the crop god and Seth is the storm god.

Plague 9: Plague of Darkness.  Re is the supreme sun god and Pharoah is dressed like Re.

Plague 10: Death of All Firstborns.  This leads to the Jewish Passover:
 
"For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord."  (Exodus 12:12, ESV)

Through the 10 Plagues of Exodus, YHWH is exalting Himself above the false gods of Egypt.
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Jonathan Herron

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